How Nutrition Is Helpful In Normal Functioning Of Brain.



We often tend to think of fat as the big taboo when it comes to nutrition. The fact is however that, although we need to be weary of certain kinds, fats are essential building blocks for healthy brains. This can be seen in the fact that almost two thirds of the weight of the human brain is made up out of fat! The two main functions that fats perform in the brain are: Our falsifying beliefs about fats keep us ignorant. We presume that fats are not fit for nutrition but the reality is different. No doubt some fats are not good for nutrition but not all are bad. We must know about good categories of fats which keep our brains healthy by developing blocks in them. Almost two thirds weight of human brains is due to fats. Two major roles which fats play in brain are as follows: Whenever we talk of nutrition, we keep fats aside due to false presumptions. But the reality is totally different. Some specific fats are mandatory for a balanced and healthy brain. Certain categories of fats keep our brains balanced by building blocks in them. The findings are before us that fats make approximately two thirds of our brain’s weight. Let’s know two major roles which fats play for the effective functioning of our brains:

Nutrition Is Helpful

Nutrition Is Helpful

•Membrane formation: Systematic protection of human brain is done through the double layered membrane made up of fatty acids which surrounds neurons to protect it from external wastes. Membranes are pivotal in keeping the brain function effectively. They keep vigil of entry of micronutrients, glucose and oxygen in it which proves best for it. • Protection: Made up of 30% protein and 70% fat, the protective sheath named Myelin covers up neurons.

Lots of efforts are required to keep brain healthy. We knew from the above mentioned guidelines that healthy brain needs different types of fatty acids. Our bodies produce some of them but we can gain much from diets. Fatty acids derived from diets are known ‘Essential Fatty Acids’. Some important fatty acids are mentioned below:• Alpha-linolenic Acid (ALA): Major components of ‘Omega 3 Fatty Acids’ are procured from ALA which can be have by eating various kinds of fish, nuts, seeds and vegetables. • Linolenic Acid (LA): ‘Omega 6 Fatty Acids’ have their important components in LA. Taking sunflower, corn and sesame oils are effective in getting them.

Two highly effective fatty acids Docosahegagonic Acid (DHA) and Arachidonic Acid (AA) respectively are prepared through regular intake of ALA and LA. It is done to keep the brain function systematically. As above mentioned acids are more complex than ALA and LA, they are crucial for the brain to perform complex roles. Its most important role is formation of membrane. Although our bodies produce DHA but it can also be directly gained from various diets. We must remain careful in it and shouldn’t forget to use possible means to procure them as lack of this effective acid might bring untoward circumstances. Balanced diet is necessary for this as it acts like a supplement of DHA.

The importance of DHA to proper brain function, and therefore also to the management of ADD-ADHD, can hardly be overstated. Studies have shown that a lack of DHA can be linked to:
• Depression
• Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases
• Cognitive Decline
• Hyperactivity Crucial role played by DHA for systematic functioning of brain and its effective role in managing ADD-ADHD cannot be ruled out. As per the research findings lack of DHA may lead to:
• Depression
• Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases
• Cognitive Decline
• Hyperactivity We cannot rule out excellent contribution of DHA in helping our brains function effectively. It is pivotal in the management of ADD-ADHD too. The research finding describes that lack of DHA results into:
• Depression
• Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases
• Cognitive Decline
• Hyperactivity

Why the above mentioned guidelines have negative results in our societies? An important reason of it is that our modern diets weaken fat values as they are hardly balanced. Hydrogenation process starts developing when natural fats are heated at extreme temperature. Resultantly the structure of fat molecules start altering badly and no naturalness remains in them. When such ‘trans-fatty acids’ developed in such manner enter into the nerve cells they don’t accommodate them as per their actual requirement due to forced deformation and not being developed like DHA. Its bitter effect is realized in the brain cells which become rigid due to trans-fatty acids. Ultimately they do miscommunication which lead to severe bad impact between particular neurons. The output of such diets turns worst as their extreme trans-fatty acidic elements enforce the brain to perform badly.

The implication of all of the above is that your fat intake should be geared towards increasing the availability of ‘good’ fatty acids (Omega 3, Omega 6 and ‘pure’ DHA) and the avoidance of trans-fatty acids as far as possible. The maintenance of Health levels of body fat is also very important. Some ‘fat management’ strategies include the following:
• Avoid Hydrogenated Fats: The most common impetus for the creation of trans-fatty acids is the hydrogenation that occurs when oils or fat is heated at extreme temperatures. Do your best therefore to avoid deep fried foods as well as oils and margarines created or ‘enhanced’ through hydrogenation.
• Make the ‘Omegas’ an essential part of your diet: The ‘essential fatty acids’ (ALA and LA) can be made a regular part of your diet through regularly eating foods that are good sources of them.

Examples include cold water fish (salmon, trout, mackerel and sardines) in the case of Omega 3 and primrose, borage as well as eggs and diary in the case of Omega 6.
• Supplement where necessary: It may be necessary to take a regular supplement containing ALA, LA or even ‘pure’ DHA if you are not getting sufficient quantities from your diet.
• Manage body fat levels: The brain is full of blood vessels supplying it with energy and keeping it cool. Excessive amounts of body fat will lead to these vessels, and therefore the brain, functioning well below par. Make sure therefore that you manage the fat in your diet and that you reduce body fat even further through regular exercise.

Normal Functioning Of Brain

Normal Functioning Of Brain

Scholars and researchers agree to the fact that there is a strong link between lack of DHA and ADD-ADHD. It is at this perspective that fats should be dealt with. It doesn’t make any sense you keep ignoring fats. Appropriate management of it by selecting diets which bust ADD-ADHD would be prudent.

Is my Kid Stupid – Avoiding an Educational Disaster


Interview with Author : Nzingha West

Interview with Author : Nzingha West

Interview with Author : Nzingha West


1) Tell us about your book Is My Kid Stupid?

Is My Kid Stupid? Was written as an empowerment tool for families who have children. It’s a short read, and it was meant to give concise, specific information that would ultimately benefit the child and parent. The book teaches parents how to advocate for your own child, how and where to get free services for your child. It also teaches families how to get a free private school education for their children.

 2) How did you get into the field of working with special needs?

I became a teacher first, and after seeing how most children with mild-moderate special needs were being neglected, I took it upon myself to educate myself and become more aware of how to help.

 3) What was the inspiration behind writing and presenting the book “Is My Kid Stupid”?

My biggest inspiration was the parents who would seek my help. I figured that I could be of assistance to so many more parents by just putting everything down on paper, and showing them the ways they could be of assistance to their children with or without professional help.

 4) What qualifications do you need to become an Instructor working with children with special needs?

To become a tutor, you really don’t need any qualifications. However, it is more than beneficial to someone to become licensed as a teacher. I find that because I have a background in both the sciences and education, I am better apt to deal with certain details of my work on a daily basis. Plus to become a teacher, you have to be fingerprinted and have a background check performed in you. This leads to credibility and allows you to have a better grasp on how to cope with a child’s moods.

 5) Did you experience writers block? If so, what did you do to get rid of it?

I can’t really say that I did experience writers block. My book is a nonfiction book, so there really weren’t any characters that I had to develop.

 6) What are you working on now?

As of right now, I am considering writing another book. It’s just a spark in my mind. I have yet to sit down and put a pen to paper and write.

 7) You work for an organization called Urbane Academics; can you explain a bit more about what you do?

I own a practice called Urbane Academics and through my practice I offer instruction, cognitive behavioural therapy, special education advocacy, as well as diagnostic testing and teacher training.

 8) Had you previously written anything?

Other than a few college papers, before Is My Kid Stupid? Avoiding an Educational Disaster, I hadn’t written anything.

 9) Do you have a personal experience dealing with children with special needs as I am somebody who has grown up in a family where 3 members have a special need?

Other than my work as an instructor and advocate, I cannot say that I have a personal experience with learning disabilities. Nevertheless, that did not decrease my interest in and love for my work.

 10) During the writing process, what was one high and low that you encountered?

The editing process was brutal. It is very disheartening to have someone tear apart your work, even if it is for the better good. One high I had was seeing my book cover completed. Some people didn’t get it, but I was able to visualize what I was trying to write about and that was worth the hassle.

 11) How did you get into writing? Did you always want to become a writer?

I never wanted to become a writer, however, I became so enthralled in the thought of having a book, and writing a book that would be of some use, that I couldn’t sleep without writing down outlines, or thinking of titles.

 12) What are your views on the rise of autism aspects throughout children as even in New Zealand it is becoming more and more common among children etc.?

I think that people are recognizing more and more that not everyone operates the same way. This is a good thing, because the more we are able to recognize people’s differences, the better we become at understanding.

Autistic children, just like all other children are people too and they deserve the same amount of respect and understanding as every child.

 13) Do you in America have a strong support for children with Disabilities as I know in New Zealand probably due to its smaller size , we have got a couple of support groups and funding etc. , what is available in America ?

We have more and more support every day. The media definitely supports learning disabilities, and with the rise of the internet, more and more resources are becoming available to help cope with diagnosis and treatment. Parents are also using websites like to facilitate their own support groups.

 14) How have you found the response of your book among parents with children having special needs?

For the most part people have been accepting and excited about the book. I’ve received lots of great comments. I have also received some poor comments about the tone of the language in the book, or the title etc. For the most part those people have been few and far between. Many people have been able to ascertain the meaning of the book through the illustration on the front cover.

 15) As somebody who is familiar with children with special needs, some of them are pretty amazing and can do some awesome things; do you have an inspiring story or a fun tale that stands out in your mind that you wouldn’t mind sharing?

When I first began specializing in children who have learning disabilities, I came across a student who had a lot of anxiety, but was so talented with his painting and illustration. I asked him to draw a picture for me, which I still have. He felt great, and I appreciated the beautiful artwork he created for me.

I find that autistic children are so talented and spectacular.

Is your child struggling with ADD/ADHD ?


Is your child struggling with following the correct steps in their learning developmental stages? Have they been slower to reach the stages of motor skills? Have you found that their learning and academia has been skewered by the inability to have long concentration skills at an extended point in time or are they impulsive in their actions?

Or do you find their attention spans not being in the same boat as other children? Have you noticed that your child is still continuing to living in a fantasy world? Are they telling lies and stories far-fetched and some that sound like they could be real to get attention?

If, so then your child may have what is known as ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder).

Both ADD and ADHD are most commonly studied and diagnosed as a psychiatric disorder in children which an estimate of 4.7% living in America with ADD and ADHD. ADHD is more commonly found in males than females and more often than not their symptoms can be difficult to differentiate from other disorders.

Child Struggling with ADD/ADHD

Child Struggling with ADD/ADHD

How do I know if my child suffers from ADD or ADHD?

Many parents wonder how to tell whether their child has either ADD or ADHD.  Included below are some of the symptoms that have been listed by the US National Institute of Mental Health which can help to diagnose whether or not your child has ADD or ADHD.

  • They may become easily distracted, miss details, be forgetful and frequently switch from one task to another without completion.
  • Have difficulty maintaining attention on a single task
  • They may have difficulty and get frustrated when having to do homework or learning something new like washing the dishes, tidying their room.
  • They will develop a habit of losing things
  • They will seem distracted when you try  and talk to them
  • Struggle to follow instructions
  • Become fidgety and squirm in their seats which is a sign of boredom
  • They may come across as impatient
  • They may tell long stories and fantasy tales if you ask them questions like what did you do in the weekend?

Another way to tell if your child has ADD or ADHD is to hop online and take one of the many online-self tests which help to diagnose whether your child does fall into the two categories.

Some testing may be conducted in the form of a self-evaluation or a quiz that asks you questions about what you notice in yourself. These types of tests may ask you whether you notice a lack of focus while doing easy tasks, or whether you always get distracted while reading. It may ask questions about concentration and listening skills. However accurate your answers may be, these quizzes focus mainly on symptoms. If symptoms are present, test results simply conclude that “This person has ADD” or “This person has ADHD.”

From these results, you can move to the next step in talking and discussing with your doctor a medical treatment if you wish or some natural steps on how to overcome these disorders as like many Mental health issues, if you catch it in the early recognition stages with help as you age you will be cured and have it either under control or you might have simply grown out it.

One of the biggest things though about these disorders is not to get them confused with Autism Spectrum and Asperger’s syndrome, they do have similar qualities but unlike ADD and ADHD those who fall under the Autism/ Asperger’s spectrum cannot change their ways as it is their brain make-up however those with ADD and ADHD more often than not grow out of it with age and there is a wide variety of medication available to help to minimize some of the actions and symptoms of ADD and ADHD.

What is ADHD ?


ADHD is a medical term for a characteristic group of symptoms which, if untreated, may lead to under achievement and poor social skills, despite normal intellect and quality parenting. ADHD is characterized by problems with attention, impulsivity and over activity. It affects between 4-6 percent of school age children and between 2-4 percent of adults.

There is no doubt that ADHD leads to impairments in major life activities, including social relations, education, family functioning, occupational functioning, self-sufficiency and adherence to social rules, norms and laws. It appears to affect more boys than girls and occurs in all ethnic groups. ADHD often runs in families.

The condition is widespread, poorly understood and frequently remains undiagnosed. It often causes distress in family, work and social situations, mainly from unrealistic expectations, condemnation and rejection.

ADHD children do not mature at the appropriate rate in early childhood and they are often slow in acquiring skills. They do mostly what ‘normal’ children do except it is louder, longer, more often and to the extreme. Most children will carry some of the symptoms into adulthood, with an increased tendency to alcohol and drug abuse and ongoing emotional difficulties.

Each person will vary in the type, number, frequency and severity of their symptoms. To determine the best treatment a medical and educational assessment is recommended. ADHD people are usually energetic, enthusiastic and creative; intuitive, sensitive and highly intelligent. Capturing those special attributes is one of the goals of treatment.




Research has shown that ADHD can be recognised by the age of three. Up to this age the executive control in the frontal lobes of the brain are very immature. The average preschool child has plenty of active, unthinking behaviour, but when ADHD is also present, this produces a double dose of disinhibition. This can be devastating to parents who aren’t aware of what they are dealing with.

These early years have a significant effect on all the family members; parents; siblings and grandparents and extended family, aunts, uncles etc. Knowing and understanding are the keys to success for a family.

Poor behaviour is not the sole resolve of ADHD. It does occur in other children, but with less intensity and a different response to discipline. Parents, who do not accept that their ADHD child is different, can expect trouble.

On joining the association you will be guided into taking those first steps of, ‘cleaning up the diet’, finding a parenting programme that will make a difference and give you the ‘know-how’, to survive.


Early Signs (Baby and Toddler)

  • Colic, cries a lot, difficult to hold and cuddle
  • Cot rocking, head banging, poor sleepers
  • Nappy rash, fussy eaters
  • Runs away, bites, hits, dominates others
  • Appears to have unusual strength
  • Climbs, can have little or no fear of danger
  • Demands constant entertainment and attention
  • Excessive restlessness, in constant motion
  • Needs constant supervision
  • Easily frustrated, tantrums, moody
  • Aggressive, destructive, devious and defiant

Physical Symptoms:

  • Excessive thirst and perspiration
  • Poor temperature control
  • Prone to ear infections, allergies, food intolerance eczema and asthma


Common Symptoms:


  • Easily distracted, poor short term memory
  • Forgets instructions, fails to finish tasks
  • Disorganized, appears not to hear
  • Learning difficulties


  • Excessive restlessness, in constant motion
  • Has difficulty in sitting still or staying seated
  • Has a ‘driven’ quality, runs and jumps
  • Insatiable (never satisfied, never enough)
  • Can also be Hypoactive (under active)


  • Acts without thought or sense of safety
  • Unpredictable behavior
  • Needs constant supervision
  • Interrupts and intrudes on others

Emotional Instability

  • Easily frustrated, tantrums. moody
  • Impatient, intolerant, extremes of feeling
  • Irrational, overreacts to touch, pain and sound
  • Peer rejection, low self esteem

Antisocial Behavior

  • Oppositional behavior/conduct disorder
  • Aggressive, destructive, defiant, devious
  • Argumentative, swears, fascination with fire
  • Can act with cruelty and violence, steals
  • Unresponsive to punishment, lies

Co ordination Difficulties

  • Clumsy, lacks good balance
  • Difficulty in dressing, lacing and buttoning
  • Poor ball skills, mixed left-right dominance
  • Writing at times large and spidery
  • Reversal in letters and spelling

Physical Symptoms

  • Excessive thirst and perspiration
  • Poor temperature sense control
  • Ear troubles (infections, glue ear)
  • Eye trouble (dark circles, puffiness, squint)
  • Headaches, muscle or stomach pains
  • Digestive upsets, air hunger
  • Food and drink cravings e.g. sugar, milk
  • Prone to infections e.g. colds, allergies, eczema, hives


How can I tell if I have ADHD?

  • You fidget
  • You become bored easily
  • You can’t stay in your seat
  • You can listen to what is said but you don’t ‘hear’ it
  • You understand instructions but can’t follow them
  • You can’t organise your schoolwork, homework or household chores
  • You hate stopping anything when it’s going well
  • You can become totally lost or absorbed in certain interests or even certain ideas!
  • You forget things like keys, names, phone numbers or notebooks
  • You often know the answer before the question is finished
  • You hate gossip but love debates
  • You are easily distracted by anything even if it’s slightly more interesting than what you should be doing
  • You hate waiting for slower thinkers
  • You find it hard to stop yourself from doing anything that seems exciting or cool.
  • You know the consequences of what you do, but you can’t quite ‘get’ the significance to your family, your teacher or your friends
  • You are appalled or get angry if misunderstood
  • You are very critical of yourself if you make a mistake or are wrong

Remember, many of these characteristics are typical of adolescence and the teenage years.
Many people under stress also have the same characteristics.

ADHD is a problem when you consistently act impulsively, are hyperactive and are continually distracted.

Some or all of the following ma y be present some or all of the time:

  • Sense of underachievement, often false due to poor insight
  • Easily bored, craves stimulation, takes risks, gambles
  • Fidgets, doodles, seem to be elsewhere, easily distracted or sidetracked
  • Mood swings, extremes of feelings, sense of impending doom, excessive or unfounded anxiety or sensitivity, compulsive
  • Over excited, hyper focused, obsessive
  • Intolerance, can act with sudden, unreasonable and/or unpredictable verbal and/or physical aggression; rages
  • Reluctance to read, finds it hard to focus and concentrate
  • Reluctance to write, finds it hard to express and sequence ideas, may be dyslexic
  • Sets unrealistic goals and multi-tasks leading to non-completion of projects
  • Difficulty getting organised, procrastinates
  • Subject hops, many thoughts in mind at once
  • Impatient, tactless, interrupts or acts out of turn, finishes off other’s sentences
  • Impulsive with no thought of consequences
  • Has trouble following authorised procedure, oppositional
  • Inattentive, forgetful, can’t retain information, sudden blank mind

Greater than ‘normal’ frequency of physical symptoms:

  • Cravings, addictions e.g. cigarettes, alcohol, sugar, caffeine, milk, chocolate, soft drinks. chemicals, drugs
  • Atopy, allergy, hypersensitivity e.g. asthma, eczema, hay fever, rashes, hives, mouth ulcers, itching
  • Migraines, headaches, dizziness
  • Excessive thirst
  • Eye troubles e.g. dark circles, conjunctivitis
  • Digestive upsets e.g. bloating, abdominal pains, heartburn, abnormal appetite
  • Muscle aches, twitching, tics, cramps, fatigue, restlessness
  • Air hunger e.g. sighing, yawning
  • Sleep disturbances, sleep apnoea, insomnia
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Skin, nail, hair abnormalities
  • Poor temperature sense, thyroid problems

If your relationships, achievements or quality of life are suffering then membership of the ADHD Association would be a worthwhile start to managing improvement. We have an Adult Chat Group for members, who meet monthly in Epsom, Auckland.

What are the general signs of ADHD in children?


What are the general signs of ADHD in children?

  • the child is restless, overactive, fidgety
  • the child is constantly chattering
  • the child is continuously interrupting people
  • the child cannot concentrate for long on specific tasks
  • the child is inattentive
  • the child finds it hard to wait his/her turn in play, conversations or standing in line (queue)

The above signs may be observed in children frequently and usually do not mean the child has ADHD. It is when these signs become significantly more pronounced in one child, compared to other children of the same age, and when his/her behavior undermines his/her school and social life, that the child may have ADHD.

ADHD in children

ADHD in children

What causes ADHD?

We are not sure. Studies reveal that a person’s risk of developing ADHD is higher if a close relative also has/had it. Twin studies have indicated that ADHD is highly heritable. We also know that ADHD is much more common in boys than girls. The scientific community generally agrees that ADHD is biological in nature. Many reputable scientists believe ADHD is the result of chemical imbalances in the brain.

Some studies have indicated that food additives, specifically some colorings, may have an impact on ADHD behaviors. In July 2008, the European Union ruled that synthetic food colorings (called azo dyes) must be labeled not only with the relevant E number, but also with the words “may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children”.

A 1984 study by Benton and team, demonstrated that sugar has no effect on behavior. A study in 1986 by Milich and Pelham, and another by Wolraich and team in 1985 also found no link between sucrose (sugar) and behavior impact on children with ADHD. However, most sugars found in sugary foods and sweets (candy) consumed by children are corn syrup and high fructose corn syrup – these sugars were not used in any of the above-mentioned studies.

Mercury during pregnancy and ADHD risk – according to a study published in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, mercury exposure during pregnancy may be associated with a higher risk of ADHD-related behaviors in offspring.

The authors added that even slight exposure raises the risk of ADHD. Fish consumption during pregnancy seems to lower the risk. Several types of fish have low or no levels of mercury. Women should focus on those types of fish when they are pregnant.

How do I know if I, my child, spouse or relative has ADHD?

ADHD cannot be diagnosed physically, i.e. with a blood test, urine test, brain scan or a physical checkup. As most children have problems with self-control anyway, a proper diagnosis can be quite challenging.

An ADHD diagnosis has to be carried out by a specialist – usually a psychiatrist, psychologist or pediatrician. The specialist will observe the child and recognize behavior patterns. Data regarding the child’s behavior at home and at school will also be studied. Only a specialist will be able to accurately detect whether other problems and/or conditions are resulting in ADHD-like behavioral characteristics.

Interesting links
Diagnostic Criteria for ADHD (ADHD Information Services)

If you do not know how to find a specialist, ask your GP.

ADHD in children

ADHD in children

When does ADHD start? How long does ADHD last?

According to New Zealand’s ADHD Online Support Group, the onset of ADHD usually occurs before the person is 7 years old. For about 75% of ADHD sufferers, symptoms continue into adulthood. However, levels of hyperactivity tend to decrease as the person gets older.

Adult ADHD

It was not until the 1970s that researchers began to realize that what we today know as ADHD did not always go away during a person’s teen years. It was during that decade that it was also noticed that some ADHD symptoms were identified in the parents of children undergoing ADHD treatment. In 1978 ADHD was formally recognized as a condition that also afflicts adults, and the term Adult ADD began – the ‘H’ of ADHD was dropped because it seemed the adults were not as hyperactive as children.

According to, approximately 8 million adults in the USA have ADHD. An adult with ADHD who is untreated will tend to have a chaotic lifestyle – they may seem more disorganized compared to people who are not afflicted with ADHD. Healthcare professionals believe there are millions of adults who have ADHD but do not know and remain untreated. Studies indicate that adults with ADHD benefit enormously from a combination of medication and behavior therapy.

The symptoms of ADHD



ADHD fall into three groups :-

  • Lack of attention (inattentiveness)
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsive behavior (Impassivity)

Some children with ADHD primarily have the inattentive type. Others may have a combination of types. Those with the inattentive type are less disruptive and are more likely to not be diagnosed with ADHD.

Inattentive symptoms

  1. Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork
  2. Has difficulty keeping attention during tasks or play
  3. Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
  4. Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace
  5. Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
  6. Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental effort (such as schoolwork)
  7. Often loses toys, assignments, pencils, books, or tools needed for tasks or activities
  8. Is easily distracted
  9. Is often forgetful in daily activities


Hyperactivity symptoms:

  1. Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat
  2. Leaves seat when remaining seated is expected
  3. Runs about or climbs in inappropriate situations
  4. Has difficulty playing quietly
  5. Is often “on the go,” acts as if “driven by a motor,” talks excessively

Impassivity symptoms:

  1. Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
  2. Has difficulty awaiting turn
  3. Interrupts or intrudes on others (butts into conversations or games)

Signs and tests

Too often, difficult children are incorrectly labeled with ADHD. On the other hand, many children who do have ADHD remain undiagnosed. In either case, related learning disabilities or mood problems are often missed. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued guidelines to bring more clarity to this issue.

The diagnosis is based on very specific symptoms, which must be present in more than one setting.

  • Children should have at least 6 attention symptoms or 6 hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms, with some symptoms present before age 7.
  • The symptoms must be present for at least 6 months, seen in two or more settings, and not caused by another problem.
  • The symptoms must be severe enough to cause significant difficulties in many settings, including home, school, and in relationships with peers.

In older children, ADHD is in partial remission when they still have symptoms but no longer meet the full definition of the disorder.

The child should have an evaluation by a doctor if ADHD is suspected. Evaluation may include:

  • Parent and teacher questionnaires (for example, Connors, Burks)
  • Psychological evaluation of the child AND family, including IQ testing and psychological testing
  • Complete developmental, mental, nutritional, physical, and psychosocial examination



Treating ADHD is a partnership between the health care provider, parents or caregivers, and the child. For therapy to succeed, it is important to:

  • Set specific, appropriate target goals to guide therapy.
  • Start medication and behavior therapy.
  • Follow-up regularly with the doctor to check on goals, results, and any side effects of medications. During these check-ups, information should be gathered from parents, teachers, and the child.

If treatment does not appear to work, the health care provider should:

  • Make sure the child indeed has ADHD
  • Check for other, possible medical conditions that can cause similar symptoms
  • Make sure the treatment plan is being followed


A combination of medication and behavioral treatment works best. There are several different types of ADHD medications that may be used alone or in combination.

Psychostimulants (also known as stimulants) are the most commonly used ADHD drugs. Although these drugs are called stimulants, they actually have a calming effect on People with ADHD.

These drugs include:

  • Amphetamine-dextroamphetamine (Adderall)
  • Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat)
  • Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Daytrana)

A nonstimulant drug called atomoxetine (Strattera) may work as well as stimulants, and may be less likely to be misused.

Some ADHD medicines have been linked to rare sudden death in children with heart problems. Talk to your doctor about which drug is best for your child.

ADHD Brain

ADHD Brain


Talk therapy for both the child and family can help everyone understand and gain control of the stressful feelings related to ADHD.

Parents should use a system of rewards and consequences to help guide their child’s behavior. It is important to learn to handle disruptive behaviors. Support groups can help you connect with others who have similar problems.

Other tips to help your child with ADHD include:

  • Communicate regularly with the child’s teacher.
  • Keep a consistent daily schedule, including regular times for homework, meals, and outdoor activities. Make changes to the schedule in advance and not at the last moment.
  • Limit distractions in the child’s environment.
  • Make sure the child has good Health, varied diet, with plenty of fiber and basic nutrients.
  • Make sure the child gets enough sleep.
  • Praise and reward good behavior.
  • Provide clear and consistent rules for the child.

Alternative treatments for ADHD have become popular, including herbs, supplements, and chiropractic treatments. However, there is little or no solid evidence that these work.

ADD Test Take Free Online ADHD Test


ADD Test: Take Online ADHD Test

Do I have ADHD? You may ask yourself this question when you arrive late to work repeatedly, find yourself daydreaming in important meetings, or lose things due to poor organization skills. Taking this free online ADD test / ADHD test may help you decide whether you may have adult attention deficit disorder and need to arrange to see a physician about your concerns if you suspect your child may have the disorder, you can assess his symptoms by answering the ADHD test questions with your child in mind.

Take Online ADHD Test

Take Online ADHD Test

Take ADD Test, ADHD Test

Please keep in mind, no one can self-diagnose a condition as complex as ADHD, but this reliable online ADD and ADHD test may help you determine whether your symptoms fall in the normal category, or need further evaluation by a qualified health care practitioner.

Circle the number that best describes how you have felt and conducted yourself over the past six months. Add up your total and give the completed questionnaire to your healthcare professional during your next appointment to discuss the results.


There are several important things to know about an ADHD test and how to go about getting one done for yourself or for your child. The very first thing anyone should understand is that self-diagnosis is inconclusive and although it is easy to self-diagnose yourself or your child in an Online ADHD Test that doesn’t necessarily mean you or your child actually has ADHD. This article is about perspective.

However, I’ll be the first to admit that when I finally, sincerely read through the list of ADHD symptoms I saw myself and I felt as though a light suddenly turned on inside of my head. My symptoms were confirmed by a specialist who treats people with ADHD. And that’s very important because many ADHD symptoms in of themselves as individual symptoms are very common in most people.

Still, the fact remains diagnosing one’s self or identifying with the symptoms is only the first step, the next step is verification by a medical professional who can diagnose ADD ADHD accurately.

It was only recently, a year ago, at thirty-seven years of age, that I was diagnosed with ADD. In a very real way, the diagnosis of ADD helped me find myself and gain a better understanding of why I was the way I was as a child, as well as the way I am now. There was finally an explanation! I began to realize that there was a reason for my particular behaviors throughout my life. For the first time in thirty-seven years, I had hope. The symptoms of ADD described me so accurately. Here are just a few of the things I identified with instantly:

• Feeling easily distracted   • Inability to focus when needed   • involuntarily hyper-focusing when not needed   • Difficulty finishing tasks   • Chronic issues with tardiness   • Forgetfulness   • Procrastination   • Impulsive behavior   • Depression   • Low self-esteem

The list goes on and on, and over the course of this story of my life you will read about how some of these symptoms affected me. Here is another list of what can be considered positive traits of someone with ADD. I will do my best to explain how these traits and talents have helped me and given me an advantage:

• Learning via osmosis (assimilation)

• Ability to multi task   • Dynamic

• Creative   • Vibrant   • Entertaining   • Compelling   • Imaginative

• Inventive

• Insightful

• Ability to hyper focus   • Resilient

I had heard of ADD before I had been diagnosed with it, but until then I never really paid much attention to what it was. I had read that it was a children’s disorder and so I didn’t make any connection to myself. I did not pay any attention to it – which is indeed a symptom of ADD. I grew up believing what my parents had persistently told me, that I was simply lazy and only chose the things in which I was interested. It made sense because whenever I became interested in something I could hyper focus on it and become an expert. Hyper focusing is indeed another familiar symptom of ADD. With respect to ADD/ADHD, hyper focusing is the ability to concentrate on something so intensely that one becomes so completely absorbed in a subject or activity that they can easily forget the time and their responsibilities.

Scoring the Online Adult ADHD Test

Total your points from the above Adult ADHD test. A score of 11 points or higher indicates that your symptoms may be consistent with Adult ADHD.

You can print out the results of the ADHD test and take them with you to the doctor appointment. Please remember that taking an ADHD test online is no substitute for the evaluation and diagnosis by a licensed health care professional. Frankly discuss the ADHD test results with your (or your child’s) physician and follow the doctor’s advice carefully.

This online ADD and ADHD test was developed in conjunction with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Workgroup on Adult ADHD, and is intended for people ages 18 and older.

Take Online ADHD Test

Take Online ADHD Test


An objective physiological measure of ADHD has been elusive. However, research by Jason Alster MSc has shown that when an ADD person tries to sit still, do a boring task, or concentrate- they actually enter stress as measured by electro dermal activity. This marker is positive in the majority of ADD clients tested. Then GSR biofeedback may be used to improve the stress result. A protocol using this valid objective physiological marker has just been published in a video- Guide for GSR Biofeedback Techniques for the Natural ADHD Practitioner.
A reliable diagnosis of ADHD can be made with well-tested diagnostic interview methods.
Diagnosis is based on history and visible behaviors in the child’s normal environment. A doctor making a diagnosis should ask for input from the child, parents, teachers, and other health care providers. The doctor will collect information on a thorough history about the symptoms, and on the medical, developmental, school, psychosocial, and family histories.
He or she also will consider other causes for the problem, and review other conditions that could be present. It is helpful to find out what has prompted the request for evaluation and how the problems had been approached in the past. At this time, there is no single test for ADHD. This is not unique to ADHD, but applies to most psychiatric disorders.
Research on brain imaging has shown that the brains of children with ADHD differ from those of children without the disorder. Several brain regions and structures in children with ADHD tend to be smaller. Overall brain size is generally 5% smaller in affected children than in children without ADHD. While this average difference is seen over and over, it is too small to be used alone in making the diagnosis of ADHD in a particular person. Also, there appears to be a link between a person’s ability to pay continued attention and the amount of their brain activity. In people with ADHD, the brain areas that control attention show to be less active. This suggests that lower levels of activity in some parts of the brain may be related to problems in sustaining attention.
The diagnosis of ADHD in the preschool child is possible, but can be difficult and should be made cautiously by experts well trained in childhood neurobehavioral disorders. Developmental problems, especially language delays, and adjustment problems can sometimes look like ADHD. Treatment should focus on placing the child in a structured preschool with parent training and support. Stimulants can reduce difficult behavior and improve mother-child interactions, but they usually are saved for severe cases, or when a child is unresponsive to environmental or behavioral interventions.

  • Well when I was younger about 8 years old I was told that I could have ADD and I think I do I’m 16 years old now and I just wanted to know is there a test I can take to see if I really do have ADD?
  • CHADD has a great website with information and checklists available to print. These can be completed by parents, friends, teachers and others close to you to help determine whether you should seek treatment. ADHD adults are notoriously poor self-observers so make sure that you have others give you their objective opinion.

The AMENS clinic has an online test that is free and will tell you the percentage of possibility that you have ADHD as well as many co-morbid conditions.
The best resource I can suggest is the book “Driven to Distraction” in which the symptoms are described in great detail. You should have a pretty good idea upon completion whether or not you could have ADD/ADHD.
There are attention span tests that can and should be administered by a licensed professional once there is a reasonable assumption that you have ADHD. These, I know through experience, are not available in every city and are very expensive. Not one of the professionals in my area who offer this testing take any medical insurance and many policies will not cover this type of diagnostic exam. My advice would be to have your family doctor confirm the possibility before setting up the testing. We all have some ADHD symptoms, there is a big difference in behaviors that “can’t” be controlled and “won’t” be controlled.

Chemicals and Effects Upon Health


Health disorders resulting from petroleum-based chemicals used in consumer products, pesticides and job environments are available from the links below.  Petroleum based chemicals are being found to cause accelerated aging to the brain, defense systems including the blood brain barrier and immune system as well as altering critical hormones necessary for teenage neurological and behavioral development. Illnesses identified in the medical research include adult and child cancers, numerous neurological disorders, immune system weakening, autoimmune disorders, asthma, allergies, infertility, miscarriage, and child behavior disorders including learning disabilities, mental retardation, hyperactivity ADHD (attention deficit disorders) as well as altering hormones essential for maintaining healthy bodily processes.  Petroleum based chemicals are believed to cause these problems by a variety of routes including – impairing proper DNA (Gene) expression, weakening DNA Repair, accelerating gene loss, degeneration of the body’s detoxification defenses (liver and kidneys) as well as gradual weakening of the brain’s primary defense (the Blood Brain Barrier).  Of significant concern, while petroleum based chemicals are required by the U.S. Government (EPA) to be tested for a variety of health effects, they are not required to be tested for subtle neurological damage (memory, personality, behavior etc.), damage to the developing brain during pregnancy, detailed immune system effects, autoimmunity and effects upon the brain’s primary defense – the blood brain barrier.  Also, the new toxicology field of endocrine disruptor chemicals is of extreme importance since many common chemicals and pesticides are now being found to alter normal hormone levels in the blood controlling development and aging. The majority of information at CHEM-TOX has been attained from research from the University of Florida and University of South Florida Medical Libraries.  Every attempt has been made to provide information clearly and accurately – The medical/scientific journal name and date, along with the university and scientists involved in the research are listed with each article.  We hope this information provides a base for changes in public health policy in public buildings, schools, residential settings (i.e. condominiums), and help with guiding future city and state laws.  All research cited can be acquired in its original form from public libraries using the “Inner Library Loan Program” and can often be acquired immediately from university medical libraries (i.e. Shands Library at University of Florida in Gainesville).

Chemicals and Effects Upon Health

Chemicals and Effects Upon Health

Pesticides in Homes & Lawns Showing Serious Health Risks

Common pesticides used in homes and lawns are now being shown in medical research to accelerate aging of the immune and nervous system resulting in serious health problems years after exposure.  Companies which use these chemicals include TruGreen – ChemLawn – Orkin and others.   Of significant concern, agriculture and consumer use pesticides are not currently required to be tested for subtle neurological effects (i.e. memory, depression, behavior) – child learning disorders – pregnancy developmental studies and immune system effects (i.e. lower white blood counts – increased infection rates and autoimmunity).  New research summaries have been added showing how pesticides are now being found to mimic natural hormones in the body (i.e. testosterone, progesterone, estradiol), thereby, damaging hormone controlled processes of brain development in children and normal aging in adults.

Learning Disabilities – A.D.D on the Rise – Pregnancy Warnings

A growing number of scientists are providing strong evidence as to why we are seeing more and more children with learning and behavior disorders over the past 30 years.  Their conclusions are straight forward – exposure of the developing child to even small levels of common everyday chemicals can result in learning or behavior problems evident throughout life.  This information is a result of a 1997 Graduate Research Project from University of South Florida investigating environmental and “chemical” causes of Learning Disabilities. New research on the dangers of the mosquito control pesticides DIBROM (Naled) and the parathyroid pesticide PERMETHRIN are reported from six medical journals.  Health risks found include genetic damage – cancer potential – neurotoxic dangers to unborn children – and harm to marine life.  Researchers also find pesticide applications appear to be dramatically increasing the incidence of encephalitis carrying mosquitoes.  Theories regarding this include immune system damage to wildlife and genetic damage to the mosquito’s inherent defenses.

Child Cancer & Relationship to Modern Chemicals

Evidence demonstrating how chemical exposures occurring in and around the home can greatly increase the risk of brain cancer, neuroblastoma & leukemia.   Also “NEW” research on immune system defects found in cancer children which can determine if “remission” is likely to occur.

Here is a list of common household chemicals and their possible health effects:

  • Air-freshening agents can cause eye, skin, and nasal irritation, cancer, nervous system damage, and respiratory problems including pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs).
  • Antifreeze can cause dizziness if inhaled and severe damage to internal organs, including the heart and kidneys, if swallowed. Animals are drawn to the sweet smell of antifreeze, and it can be fatal for pets if ingested.
  • Car and boat batteries can cause skin burns, as well as kidney and nerve damage and possibly cancer due to their lead and sulfuric acid content.
  • Bleach can cause irritation to the nasal passages, mouth and lungs, and damage to the skin.
  • Carpet and upholstery cleaners can cause liver damage, cataracts, and possibly cancer from long-term exposure. These cleaners may also trigger dizziness, confusion, decreased appetite, and nausea.
  • Cleaning products can cause eye and lung irritation from inhaling fumes, and rashes or burns from skin exposure. Potentially lethal gases may form if cleaners like ammonia are mixed with bleach.
  • Drain openers can cause skin burns and possible blindness if they get in the eyes.
  • Flea and tick treatments can cause cancer in pets, as well as headaches, nausea, and dizziness if inhaled by people.
  • Furniture polish can cause respiratory, skin, and eye irritation, as well as vomiting and nausea if ingested.
  • Insect bombs, like household foggers, can cause severe allergic reactions, nervous system damage, and respiratory, skin, and eye irritation, as well as headache, nausea, vomiting, and ringing in the ears.
  • Laundry detergents can cause eye and skin irritation, as well as nausea, vomiting, and seizures if ingested.
  • Oven cleaners can cause severe burns to the eyes and skin, and even death if swallowed.
  • Insecticides and insect traps with bait can cause cancer in pets; headaches, nausea, and dizziness if inhaled by humans.
  • Mold and mildew-killing products can cause respiratory problems, and severe irritation and burns to the throat if ingested.
  • Mothballs can cause liver damage and cataracts from long-term exposure, as well as skin, throat, and eye irritation, dizziness, and headaches.
  • Motor oil can cause damage to nerves and kidneys and has been linked to cancer.
  • Toilet bowl cleansers can cause skin burns, eye and respiratory tract irritation, and possibly cancer.

Safety First With Household Chemicals

Household chemicals are generally safe to use — if used appropriately. Ensure that you always follow the instructions on the product label. Protect your skin with gloves, wear long shirts and pants, and use safety goggles when necessary. Also make sure the area where you are using household chemicals is well ventilated, so that you don’t inhale too many fumes.

Read ingredient labels on all household chemicals before you buy them — so you understand just how dangerous they can be and how to protect yourself. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, consumers should pay special attention to products whose labels include words like corrosive, toxic, and flammable, as well as poison, danger, and caution. Be sure to store household chemicals safely in a locked closet or cabinet that children and pets can’t access.

Chemicals and Effects Upon Health

Chemicals and Effects Upon Health

Protecting the Environment from Household Chemicals

Now that you know what certain household chemicals can do your health, think about what they can do to the environment if they’re not handled properly.

Don’t simply pour household chemicals down the sink, toss bottles into the trash can, or dump waste outside in the yard. These chemicals can pose a danger to trash collectors, as well as to plant life and the water supply.

To find out how to safely dispose of your household chemicals, always read the label on the back of the product and follow the recommended instructions. Hazardous chemicals that can’t be included with regular trash need to be set aside and brought to a community hazardous waste collection facility or to a special collection event like an annual clean-up drive. Check with local government agencies for details about how to dispose of specific household chemicals.


Famous People With ADHD and ADD


Have you heard about all the famous People with ADHD?

Some of the most talented, creative and successful people in this world have ADD/ADHD.

ADD was Albert Einstein

ADD was Albert Einstein

Did you know that one of the most famous people with ADD was Albert Einstein?  It wasn’t called Attention Deficit Disorder back then.  But the thought of him having it makes many wonder what our lives would be like today if Einstein, one of the greatest minds of the last century, had been prescribed Ritalin. Would he have been creative enough to come up with the theory of relativity or discover the law of the photoelectric effect? Maybe so, but who knows?

So the next time you think of ADHD as a curse, a disease or the worst thing that could have ever happened to you or your child, think again! You’re in good company with a lot of famous people.

Check out this list of famous people who either have or are thought to have ADD or ADHD.

Frank Lloyd Wright

Salvador Dali
Pablo Picasso
Vincent Van Gogh

Terry Bradshaw
Michael Phelps
Pete Rose
Nolan Ryan
Michael Jordan
Jason Kidd

Charlotte and Emily Bronte
Samuel Clemens
Emily Dickenson
Edgar Allan Poe
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Robert Frost
George Bernard Shaw
Henry David Thoreau
Leo Tolstoy
Tennessee Williams
Virginia Woolf
William Butler Yeats

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Entrepreneurs and Business Leaders
Andrew Carnegie
Malcolm Forbes
Henry Ford
Bill Gates
David Neeleman
Paul Orfalea
Ted Turner

Christopher Columbus
Lewis and Clark

Ann Bancroft
Jim Carrey
Steve McQueen
Jack Nicholson
Ty Pennington
Elvis Presley
Evil and Robbie Knievel
Sylvester Stallone
Robin Williams
Wright Brothers

Alexander Graham Bell
Thomas Edison
Benjamin Franklin

Ansel Adams

Albert Einstein

Political Figures
James Carville
John F. Kennedy