The Single Mom: Coping With ADHD & ODD

The Single Mom: Coping With ADHD & ODD

The Single Mom: Coping With ADHD & ODD

Now I understand that the title probably made some of you say “What? Who would say that?” But I’m sure that there are plenty of parents out there that feel the way I do.


My son was born on November 6th of 2003. When they laid him on my chest all I could think was “Oh my god, you’re beautiful. I will never let you down and I will always love you. I don’t understand why parents say they can’t stand their children…I could never feel that way about you.” Now obviously, the love part was a true statement. But I’ll be the first to admit that sometimes I can’t stand my son. Being an 18 year old, newly single mother, knowing nothing about ADHD, it was a rough start.


My son had problems with crying and tantrums from the time he learned how to mimic. All I knew about ADHD was that the kids don’t listen and they’re really hyper. Simple enough right? Wrong. Confusing, frustrating… INFURIATING.


Let me first say that if you’re in the same boat as me and, even if you know about ADHD and have supporters or psychiatrists behind you, think that you’re going crazy…you’re not. I promise. Nobody believed me when I told them about my sons actions because they never saw it. The University of Iowa even told me it wasn’t him but it was all me. As time went on, my friends and family started seeing the behavior and finally the school did too.


I’ve heard plenty of people say that parenting is a full time job and of course it is, but I never knew how hard until I sat on my couch one day with tears running down my face because I didn’t know what I did so wrong to make my son act the way he did. My mom still, to this day, tells me that being a parent is the HARDEST job in the world.


So, with that said, let me get down to the nitty-gritty of my parenting experience.


First off, I’d like to say that I am not a model parent. I do the best I can and most of the time I feel that my best isn’t good enough! So why did I choose my title? I’ve had to learn to re-love my son. I will always love him because he’s my son… but, half the time I can’t stand him. That’s some brutally embarrassing honesty for you.


For the last 8 years, my parenting journey has been more struggle then it has been joy.


If we’re looking at factual evidence, we can turn to the National Institute of Mental Health. The symptoms of ADHD are:


Being easily distracted, forgetting things, difficulty focusing on one thing, often losing things, difficulty completing or turning in homework, not listening when spoken to, easily confused, moving slowly, struggling to follow directions, extreme fidgeting and inability to stay seated, nonstop talking, touching everything in sight, impatient, blurting out, acting without regard for others or consequences.


My son did and does every single thing on that list, plus more!


Now I’ll be the first to admit that parenting skills (or a lack there of) don’t HELP ADHD children. I have evaluated and re-evaluated myself and felt hopeless at times. By the age of 4 my son was throwing tantrums Monday through Sunday, every night at bedtime, that lasted anywhere from 1-3 hours. Neighbors complained, toys were thrown, mommy threw her cell phone out of anger (and broke it!), screaming took place, and so on and so forth.


By the age of around 6, my son said “I’ll slit your throat” and called me a few obscene names. When he throws tantrums it’s over anything and everything from not getting an extra snack to having to brush his teeth before bed (which he does every night). When he gets in one of his moods, his eyes glaze over and he’s completely tuned out to anything around him. Sometimes he would scream at the top of his lungs for hours. Most of the time he would get incredibly violent with me and do everything from hitting me, spitting in my face, throwing heavy objects at my head, to scratching him and head butting me.


Obviously I wouldn’t just LET him do those things and I would have to physically restrain him. I’ve tried every tactic to get the tantrums to stop, because I’m well aware that every child tantrums and it’s not always about the ADHD. What I Didn’t realize, fully, was that the ADHD was inhibiting his ability to control his outbursts and come back down to “reality” once they started. He would run away from me, laugh hysterically (almost evilly, it seemed), and one time he even ran up the stairs when leaned down to pick up my phone and locked me out of my apartment for 45 minutes.


In fact, just a few weeks ago, he ran away from him and ran out of the apartment completely naked, laughing and saying “what ya gonna do now fatty?”


I’ve been doing a lot of research on my own and a lot of reading at Barnes And Nobles because the doctors and psychiatrists honestly haven’t helped me one bit with understanding and handling my sons behaviors. I never wanted to be one of those parents who was so quick to medicate their children, but it got the point where I had to do something, because I was quickly getting to the point where I wanted to give up.


We started on Vyvanse and within one week I had a completely different child who wasn’t a zombie but a better version of himself. We’ve upped the medication and added some and he’s behavior is slowly getting better. With all the research I’ve done it’s been a comfort to me and offered me so much more patience. Yes it’s still tiring and he struggles in school and at home, but it’s not nearly as bad.


Now back to the topic of “Re-Loving” my child. Through his behaviors, my behaviors, ADD-ADHD, and my lack of proper discipline (and sanity), I became disconnected from my child. Again, let me reiterate that I always love him to a certain extent, but not the way I felt that I should.


I’m slowly learning to re-connect to him and re-love him. I’m seeing the positive side of him that I knew was there and I’m seeing the efforts of my labor shining through. It’s a constant battle and, at least one every day, I have to stop and verbally ask myself, “Is this a situation that he honestly can’t handle or control his behavior?”. Once I ask that question I take a deep breath and I am able to interact with him as a parent with positive disciplining skills and not a drill sergeant at a treatment facility.


I notice so many more things that re-affirm that I’m doing things successfully as a parent. Just the other day, we were driving home from school and he saw a little girl walking by herself. He said, very concerned, “Mommy… WHY is that girl walking by herself?”


“What do you mean sweetie? Should she not walk by herself?”


“No, mommy,” he replied, brows furrowed. “A girl shouldn’t be walking by herself. A boy should be with her. What if something happens to her?!”




My heart skipped a beat and I was reminded how much I love my child.


I am actively working towards praising him every day for what he does right, because it’s so easy to choose to “go to battle” with my son when he rarely even knows why he’s fighting in the first place. When I learned what ADHD really was and that it isn’t just an excuse for medication, I realized that I have had ADD. I realized that that is why I struggled in school, why I struggle now, and why my brain never shuts off.


Keep fighting for your child. As they say… you Have to be your Childs advocate because they can’t yet advocate for themselves. Learn to Re-Love your child and it will go a long way.

ADHD in Elementary School.

ADHD in Elementary School.

ADHD in Elementary School.

As children enter elementary school, they are expected to go from active children who play all the time, to being disciplined so that they can

  • sit at a desk for long periods of time.
  • complete tasks in subjects that they don’ t much care for.
  • pay attention to the teacher.
  • follow directions.
  • bring information and other papers home to parents.
  • do homework and return it to school the next day.

That’s a hard enough transition in itself. But imagine being saddled with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) on top of that transition. It is important to note here, that ADHD is a medical condition, and as such, can only be diagnosed and treated by a physician, not by the schools or the teachers. However, teachers – especially teachers with Special Education training or degrees in Special Education – are trained

(a) to watch for the symptoms of ADHD,

(b) to help parents watch for the signs and symptoms of the condition,

(c) to help parents help their kids with the academic aspect of ADHD, and

(d) to know when and how to recommend to parents that a child be tested and treated by a physician.



Symptoms of ADHD in Elementary Students

According to the Mayo Clinic, indications that may lead parents and teachers to suspect that a child has ADHD include the following:

  • The child exhibits symptoms continuously for six months or more.
  • The child exhibits ADHD symptoms in more than one place, such as at home and at school.
  • The child disrupts school and other daily activities on a regular basis.
  • The child stirs up difficulties and crises in relationships between adults and other children.
  • The symptoms must appear before the age of 7 years.

The Mayo Clinic and Health Central list these Signs and Symptoms for ADHD in children. They:

1. fail to pay close attention to details, which leads to careless errors in schoolwork and other activities.

2. have trouble maintaining the attention span necessary to perform tasks at home or school, or to play many games.

3. appear to not be listening when spoken to by teachers, parents, or even other children.

4. have trouble following instructions and fail to complete chores, schoolwork, and other tasks.

5. have trouble with organization of schoolwork and other tasks and activities.

6. lose items like books, school supplies, and toys.

7. are easily distracted.

8. are forgetful.

9. are fidgety or prone to squirming.

10. cannot remain seated at their desks during class time.

11. experience the need for running and climbing when it’s inappropriate, or may feel constantly restless.

12. seem to be in constant motion.

13. talk seemingly non-stop.

14. blurt out answers before teachers or parents have a chance to finish the question.

15. have trouble waiting for their turn when playing games.

16. interrupt or intrude on other people’s conversations or on games that others are already playing.

17. are easily distracted.

18. feel the need to rush through tasks, which leads to messy and incomplete work.

19. tend to be inconsistent with their tasks and chores, doing well one day and terrible the next.

20. have difficulty transitioning from one task to the next.

21. take excessively long periods of time to complete homework, chores, and other tasks (something that should be completed within 10 to 15 minutes, could take upwards of an hour or more).



When To See A Doctor
Take your child to see a doctor for ADD-ADHD testing if a teacher or the school suggests that the student may be exhibiting the symptoms at school or if you feel the that your child may be exhibiting the symptoms at home or in other settings (church, the park, while shopping). Start with a visit to the pediatrician or family physician. If this doctor cannot run the necessary tests, he or she may be able to refer you to a few physicians who can make the diagnosis of ADHD or determine if there may be other reasons for the child’s difficulties. Children who have been diagnosed with ADHD should see a doctor at least every six months take medication as prescribed.



Diagnosing ADHD in Elementary Students

As stated earlier, a diagnosis of ADHD cannot be made in the school. It can only be made by a licensed physician (usually a psychiatrist who specializes in diagnosing and treating children an adolescents with ADHD), and only after extensive testing to rule out other problems and extensive interviews and questionnaires or surveys with parents, teachers, and other adults (day care workers, Sunday school teachers, relatives) who deal with the child regularly. There is no single test for diagnosing ADHD, nor can it be diagnosed after only one visit with the doctor. Some of the tests and other documentation Doctors will look at when determining whether a child has ADHD include, a six month (minimum) history of any of the above symptoms as well as a history of: sudden life changes (divorce, death, move to a new location); previously undetected seizures; sleep problems; anxiety; depression; anxiety; or lead toxicity. Any of these conditions can sometimes mimic the signs and symptoms of ADHD, and so, must be ruled out.


Part of the testing procedures includes:

  • Interviews with or questionnaires filled out by parents, family members, teachers, and other adults who have regular contact with the child and can detail which signs and symptoms – if any – appear, how regularly the symptoms occur, and under what circumstances.
  • A physical exam which will show the child’s overall state of health.
  • Getting a complete physical and mental history of the child.
  • A clinical assessment, making use of standardized rating scales for behavior.
  • Careful review of the child’s academic, social, emotional, and developmental levels.
  • An evaluation for any learning disabilities (e.g. dyslexia).
  • Hearing and vision testing.
  • Blood testing for lead levels
  • Blood testing for conditions such as thyroid disease.
  • An encephalogram (EEG) to measure the electrical activity in the child’s brain.
  • A CT scan or MRI to look for or rule out any physical anomalies in the brain.



Ways to Help ADHD Students in Elementary School

Schools may make use of one or more of these techniques to help elementary school students cope with the academic aspects of their ADHD, when these techniques seem appropriate.

1. Making use of peer tutoring, with older students tutoring younger students.

2. Providing outlines for each subject, prior to the actual lesson, which includes key concepts and vocabulary.

3. Increasing the pace of the lessons to keep the child from becoming easily bored.

4. Using multisensory lesson plans, while being careful that audio-visual aids are not overwhelming or don’t present too many distractions.

5. Making lessons brief, or breaking down long presentations into smaller, easier to manage, segments.

6. Actively involving the child in the lesson presentation, allowing them to be an “instructional assistant” who gets to write down the keywords on the chalkboard, for instance.

7. Allowing role-playing activities in which the students act out key concepts, or historical events.

8. Making each lesson exciting, which makes all students really want to learn.

9. Keeping classroom the environment on a small student/teacher ratio.



ADHD Elementary Students at Home

ADHD Elementary Students at Home

ADHD Elementary Students at Home

Parents can help their ADHD elementary school students at home in the following ways.

1. Keep the home environment calm, especially during the transition time between school and home, or between home and any other external activities.

2. Keep a calm environment during homework time.

3. Help the child separate homework, chores, and other tasks into smaller, more manageable bites.

4. Allow for short breaks between homework segments or between chores.

5. Work with the child’s teacher on ways to create a positive environment that is conducive to learning.

6. Make use of a reward system for positive behavior.

7. Provide opportunities for controlled, structured social activities, such as swimming lessons.

8. Medication is sometimes necessary to help control the symptoms of ADHD. Make sure that the medication is given as prescribed and that the school is aware of the medication and dosage requirements, especially if the child needs to take a dose during school hours. (A word of caution here – school usually want the medication to be brought to school in the original container from the pharmacy, which has the doctor’s, the name of the pharmacy, the name of the medication, and the dosage information.)

If your child has been diagnosed with ADHD, follow the physicians instructions, give medication as necessary, and work with the school and the teachers to help with your child’s academic needs. And remember, that just because your child may be exhibiting some of the symptoms of ADHD, he or she may not have this condition, but may have some other problem that is correctable or treatable. Have a physician run all the necessary tests and do all the necessary studies to either diagnose ADHD or rule it out. If neither you, your child’s teachers, or any other adult who regularly spends time with your child sees the signs and symptoms of ADD-ADHD, then a regular check up with a pediatrician or family doctor may well be all that is necessary.


How Parents can identify and cure their Zinc child suffering from ADHD?


Before seeking any help from any medical specialist the parents if they are little eager to know the behavior of their child, can themselves identify whether their child is ADHD. Every mental sickness / disorder or abnormality is represented by certain peculiar signs and symptoms. If he parents are keen observers than it is not too difficult for them to recognize abnormalities of child. Mineral, nutrients, and vitamin deficiencies and inadequacies in our daily diet cause most of our problems and diseases.

Child ADHD

Child ADHD

Zinc is valuable mineral and nutrient that has significant role to play in enzyme related activity and metabolic process of body, especially related to nervous system. Zinc is integral part of most of the metabolic enzymes of our body. Many enzymes depend on zinc for their metabolic activity.

The primary action of zinc is on the central nervous system of humans producing state of nervous excitability and irritability, followed soon or later by profound cerebral depression and melancholia. The nervous system of a typical zinc patient is very agitated, excited and always in state of tension. What is most marked feature of zinc fidgetiness of central nervous system? The fidgetiness of central nervous system of zinc gets reflected in the lower extremities in the form of fidgetiness. The fidgetiness and restlessness of feet or of legs is very characteristic symptom of zinc. This symptom in zinc is of so tremendous and paramount value / significance that in cases where zinc is indicated, this symptom must be presents in bigger or lower grade. If this symptom of fidgetiness pertaing to the whole person or central nervous system is not present; than zinc is almost contra indicted or rarely indicated.

In the primary stage of eruption of diseases, be it any where on the body, where zinc is indicated, there must be excitability of nervous system. Under the heightened excitability of nervous system the zinc patient becomes very sensitive to voices especially howling of dogs or talking of human beings. The nerves of such a patient are always no edge. He feels an internal state of tension and anxiety that makes him or her move all the time. This moving or movement of legs relives his mental tension in great proportion


The second symtomatology of zinc pertaining to central nervous system, subsequently ADHD, is the brain fag or nervous exhaustion. There is always present a neurasthenic sate of nerves in the form of reluctance to work, sustainability of mental labor for long , lethargy and dullness of intellectual faculties. The nervous tissue of zinc patient becomes easily worn out and exhausted than repaired. His nerves are always worn out, fatigued and exhausted. Prostration of mental as well as physical is well marked where zinc is indicated. In the course of development of diseases, the excitability of central nervous system may yield to or give way to cerebral depression, apathy, indifference on the mental plane and languor lethargy, exhaustion on physical plane.

There is great co- relationship between zinc and development of ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is mostly characterized by deficit attention, absent mindedness ,lack of attention, lack of concentration, lack of memory, abstraction of mind , distraction of mind and typical brain fag on the mental plane accompanied by hyper activity, restlessness on the bodily plane. The pathogenesis of zinc has produced both these states in its proving.

The deficiency of zinc mineral in blood plasma may trigger ADHD. The main problem of ADHD child is fixing and focusing his or her attention on particular idea, subject or studies.. The thread of memory and conversation is not continuous and this has lapses or gaps of memory for short stretch of time. The ADHD child can not concentrate on any idea or subject for any length of time. It is interrupted by gaps. His brain is easily exhausted. He can not recollect things as fast as the normal child can pick up. It is why he can not remember his lesions well in the classroom.

One characteristic symptom of in estimate value in ADHD conditions is that the child repeats everything said to him or asked him. If the teacher in classroom or mother at home asks any question like what are the uses and abuses of internet? The child repeats whole question verbally before answering the question. He will repeat like this you mean “uses and abuses” than will answer correctly. He knows the answer but his brain is so blank that he can not grasp the ideas quickly. That is why he repeats the question first before answering. He can not answer instantly because of lack of attention or blackout of his brain for few seconds. By repeating the question the patient gains much time to collect his faged energy to replenish himself. This type of mental behavior is typical of constitutional zinc child.

The child may display hyperactivity of his body, restlessness and fidgetiness of feet in the classroom or at home by moving his extremities while sitting; his extremities especially feet will be in constant fidgety motion. This unconscious gesture/conduct greatly relieves the zinc child of his inner mental state of anxiety and tension. The zinc child may also show some signs of impulsivity in his behavior by responding spontaneously in state of anger and anxiety.

If in addition to fidgetiness of feet the child imay also be in the habit of night walking during sleep called somnambulism; or ha displays some other neurological symptom like trembling and twitching, than the prescription of zinc is double confirmed. The zinc child is very susceptible to sleep walking due to distraction of memory and mind.

In brief, it may be said that zinc deficiency may trigger symptoms of typical ADHD in a typical zinc constitutional child. .On the mental plane it is represented by repeating of sentences before answering and by fidgetiness of extremities on the physical plane by moving these constantly.

Child is ADHD

Child is ADHD

If by the way, you encounter such a child in your own home or anywhere, don’t rush for zinc supplements; give the child one doze of high energy of zinc 10m or cm. He will gain his deficient power of comprehension and lack of attention with calming down his central nervous system

Wants to Know How Vitamins Help ADHD?


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD is a common condition which affects children and teens that is similar to ADD, which more commonly affects adults.

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has estimated that at least 3 to 5 percent of children have ADHD, while other experts have said that the condition occurs in 8 to 10 percent of school aged children.

Due to the unpleasant and dangerous side effects of medication, many people have searched for alternative remedies.

There are now wide arrays of non-medication choices that promote healing and Health related to ADHD, many of which are used instead of the standard medical approach. Sometimes, however, vitamin preparations are used in concert with medical therapy. The following vitamins and supplements help with attention deficit disorder:

Vitamins Help ADHD

Vitamins Help ADHD

Vitamins B3 and B5

Children and adults alike diagnosed with ADHD usually require an extra amount of B3 and B5 vitamins. Vitamin B3 affects nervous system function and has been known to help with a number of maladies, from schizophrenia to other mental illnesses. In addition, these vitamins work as stress fighters for ADHD, since people afflicted usually have such low tolerance levels for stress. These vitamins can also reduce other ADHD symptoms such as mood instability, fatigue and concentration difficulties.

Vitamins B6 and B12

ADHD: Vitamin B6 is an important supplement for the best brain function and also i said to help maintain normal magnesium levels, which are usually deficient in People with ADHD.

As with all of the other B vitamins, B12 vitamin has an integral role in the nervous system and the regulation of moods, fatigue, anxiety and memory problems.

ADHD & B12: Sufficient amounts of vitamin B12 are needed also to assure that the SAMe (synthesis of S-adenosyl-methionine) – an amino acid known to promote concentration, alertness and well-being.

Vitamins C, D and E

The powerful antioxidant, Vitamin C is recognized as an effective immune booster and also a known factor in synthesizing imbalances of the norepinephrine neurotransmitter, which are linked to ADHD.

People with ADHD typically have low levels of ferritin and essential fatty acids, both of which are more efficiently absorbed with vitamin C. Vitamin E improves brain circulation and protects brain tissue from toxic free radicals.

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for brain growth, function and development. Deficiencies of this vitamin are associated with mood swings, depression, psychological issues and mood swings.

Therefore, since those are all symptoms associated with ADHD, Vitamin D is an essential part of the nutritive plan for ADHD sufferers.

Fish Oil

There has been a great deal of evidence that fish oil can help alleviate ADHD symptoms. The omega-3 fatty acid properties are said to improve mental skills and the ability to organize and focus mentally.

In one particular study, results showed an improvement as to inattentiveness and hyperactivity, and an improvement in overall behavior in 7 to 12 year old children with ADHD.

Benefits Of Fish Oil

Benefits Of Fish Oil


The mineral, magnesium is known to have a calming effect. Many people do not get adequate amounts of magnesium as they should, which can result in deficiencies contributing to a variety of bodily malfunctions.

Low magnesium levels may lead to anxiety, irritability and restlessness. This mineral may also play a significant role in levels of sugar metabolism, an important aspect of mood and concentration stabilization.


Studies have suggested that children with ADHD could have much lower zinc levels than what are recommended in their body.

Scientists have also reported much-improved symptoms for children with ADHD disorder, when, as part of a comprehensive treatment program, they took zinc supplements.

There have been several research studies that have demonstrated significant reductions in impulsive and hyperactive behavior when zinc was supplemented in people’s diets. In a Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology study from 2005, there was a correlation shown between the zinc levels of children and inattention, by both parents and teachers.


Listol is an all natural formula supplement that is used by many people to manage and control ADHD symptoms in children and ADD in adults.

This supplement is said to assist by managing and alleviating the disorder by reducing and removing body toxins, while enhancing learning and memory.

Listol has also been reported to have a positive and noticeable effect on learning in all ages, from infants to children, teenagers and adults. This natural remedy is also said to help correct certain vitamin deficiencies that are commonly associated with the ADHD disorder.

Focus Formula

Created by Native Remedies, Focus Formula is an herbal preparation that was developed to assist people in maintaining their concentration, while improving the general attention span.

Native Remedies maintains that their formula is suitable for all age ranges, as well as aiding in balancing emotions and moods.

It is purported that this herbal remedy also promotes oxygen and nutrient flow to the brain, which increases better brain processing, memory and overall function.

Focus Formula combines many well known ingredients. The 100% natural, safe, non-addictive formula includes these ingredients: Maidenhair Tree (Ginkgo biloba), German chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Skullcap (Scutellaria laterifolia), Wild Oats (Avena sativa), Gotu cola (Centella asiatica), and Extract of Nettle and Rooibos.

Focus Formula also claims to promote normal energy levels as another added benefit of its properties.


Attend is a doctor formulated, safe and natural supplement consisting of many well-known ingredients.

The ingredients are said to assist with calming and reducing frustration and stress, help people with improved concentration and focusing attention, and allow for more balanced and smooth processing of information. The formula also assists with flushing out toxins and free radicals and plaque from the neuro-pathways, while increasing nutrient flow, energy and oxygen for the brain.

Attend works through helping neural growth stimulating, regenerating and patterning neural network connections.


Oxidative Stress Relief (OSR), produced by CTI Science, is a powerful antioxidant supplement which functions much as a chelation device. It has reportedly improved the language, cognizance and social skills of people who suffer from ADHD.


Trimethlyglycine (TMG), sold by Kirkman Labs, is a B12-Folinic Acid based capsule supplement that has been said to help the neuro-methylation pathway. Used along with other helpful vitamin and mineral supplementation, TMG could be an effective addition to an ADHD natural vitamin regimen.

2-Phenylethylamine HCL

Pharmacologists have touted the benefits of 2-Phenylethylamine HCL which is
considered structurally clean and is present naturally in human tissues and fluids. Phenylethylamine is a catecholamine precursor and intrinsically probably the cleanest stimulant known to man. It is is a stimulant, however, it does not cause jitters or nervousness.

Phenylethylamine is also found in chocolate, which can be responsible for appetite, mood, and sense of well-being. Until recently, phenylethylamine usually was destroyed quickly within the body. When included as part of a delivery system, phenylethylamine HCL can last long enough to work as a balancer for the body’s nerve structure and brain function – two components of all effective ADHD remedies.

Phenylethylamine HCL

Phenylethylamine HCL


Ca-EDTA with vitamin C has been said to improve cognition, attention span and more productive social interaction. It is a part of chelation therapy, a process where toxic metals or minerals (like mercury, lead, arsenic, iron and aluminum) are bonded to an amino acid, such as EDTA and subsequently removed from the body.

Since heavy metal toxins are said to contribute to ADHD, this natural process is considered beneficial for alleviating unpleasant symptoms of the disorder.

Products and Vitamins That Help ADHD.


Can Supplements Help ADHD Symptoms?

There are nearly as many supplements in existence that claim to help the symptoms of ADHD as there are prescription medications.

It’s difficult to know whether a supplement can really help alleviate these symptoms such as inability to focus and concentrate. This review will help provide you with information on which supplements are effective.

And it is also a good idea to consult a physician when trying these supplements, or at least make sure that the physician knows that the patient is using these supplements, as some of them can interfere with the effectiveness of certain prescription medicines.

Vitamins That Help ADHD

Vitamins That Help ADHD

Listol – Helps Alleviate Symptoms Of ADHD

Listol acts in a similar manner to Attention Link, in that it uses amino acids to help treat the symptoms of ADHD.

With a similar large listing of ingredients, some of which are Vitamin B6, Iron, Magnesium, Zinc and Copper and an ingredient known as “Gaba Powder,” Listol is marketed as a breakthrough dietary supplement and non toxic alternative to the prescription drugs commonly used to treat ADHD symptoms.

It contains a listing of both vitamins and amino acids, and some herbal ingredients as well. The company that makes Listol claims that it has amazing beneficial effects on ADHD symptoms, and it is advertised as “all natural.”

However, due to the ingredients present in Listol, it has a foul smell to it that some patients find intolerable when attempting to use Listol.

Makers claim that the open jar of capsules can be left on a counter top for 15 minutes to help to alleviate that smell, but it is sometimes overpowering, and some claim that they cannot use it because of its smell.

It is always best to consult a physician in the treatment of ADHD symptoms, since some of the ingredients can affect the effectiveness of other prescription medications. And since the use of one ingredient, Gaba Powder, is somewhat controversial as to whether it really is effective, it is best to get a physicians opinion.


Synaptol is a well known supplement that is sometimes used in the treatment of ADHD symptoms.

It is a natural medication which consists mainly of homeopathic ingredients.

In addition to helping to alleviate symptoms, Synaptol claims to help supplement the diet with organic nutrients resulting in better health. Some of the ingredients in Synaptol are recognized by the FDA in their listing of homeopathic ingredients.

The makers of Synaptol have said that it is a safer alternative to prescription medications with few or no side effects. They make the claim that it is the natural way to treat ADHD symptoms. All of the homeopathic ingredients are said to be included in the medication in amounts of 10X, 30X or 100X strengths, and these ingredients are in an oligotherapy water base.

The makers of Synaptol do provide a 60 day satisfaction guarantee, and they claim to have received a 97% satisfaction rating. For those that are opposed to using any prescription medications in their treatment of ADHD symptoms, Synaptol may be worth exploring, especially if advised by ones physician.

Vitamins That Help ADHD

Vitamins That Help ADHD

Attention Link for A Natural Alternative To Treat ADHD Symptoms

Attention Link claims to be a natural alternative to traditional treatments for the symptoms of ADHD. With a pretty large blend of ingredients, the main ingredients are amino acids that are said to be helpful by affecting levels of the brain chemicals epinephrine, nor epinephrine, and dopamine.

Another ingredient claimed to be helpful is “Phenyl ethylamine” abbreviated as “PEA”.

The makers of Attention Link claim that this (PEA) is the “feel good” ingredient found naturally in chocolate. Thought to enhance mood, it affects the brain neurotransmitters nor epinephrine and dopamine. The claim is that one of the amino acids is converted to serotonin, which helps to improve mood and enhance emotional and mental functioning.

There is a disclaimer when using Attention Link regarding some of its potential side effects. These include nausea and headache, mild diarrhea, anxiety, heart palpitations insomnia and chest pain due to some of the ingredients.

Attention Link can also interact with the ability of the intestines to absorb certain prescription medications; therefore it is wise to consult a physician when trying Attention Link.

Focus Formula to Help Treat Symptoms of ADHD

Focus Formula claims to help support attention and concentration abilities, promotes normal energy levels, and balances emotions and moods, and improves performance. Also claiming to be a natural herbal remedy that is 100% safe and natural, it is said to contain a blend of herbs known for the properties of enhancing brain function as well as nervous system functions.

The makers of Focus Formula have said that it has been in existence and used for years with little or no side effects. This lack of harmful side effects is claimed to be due to the way that it is processed.

The company that makes Focus Formula also stresses the importance of a healthy diet, plenty of rest, and exercise in treating the whole patient, rather than just taking a supplement and hoping that it will be a cure-all.

Using a holistic approach like this makes more sense than relying on an herbal supplement alone.

Containing herbs such as Maidenhair Tree, Skullcap, Extract Of Nettle, German Chamomile, Gotu Kola, and Green Oats, Focus Formula stands by their product and the way it is processed with a full one year unconditional money back guarantee.

The company also does say that as with any herbal remedy, results achieved will take time to be seen. The best results are noticed when a healthy diet is followed, along with plenty of sleep and regular exercise.

Vitamins For Attention Deficit Disorder

Alternative medications, as well as vitamins and minerals are becoming more popular in the treatment of ADHD symptoms, especially when those that suffer from ADHD do not want to, or cannot use traditional pharmaceutical treatments.

Sometimes these natural supplements are used alone, sometimes they are used in addition to, and as a supplement to traditional treatments.

When a company makes a claim that their supplement product is natural, that doesn’t always mean it is safe. That is where consulting a physician makes sense, to have the assistance of a knowledgeable and concerned partner in treating the patient with ADHD symptoms.

There are some vitamin and mineral supplements that can be helpful in the treatment of ADHD symptoms, and when used in proper dosages should not have adverse effects. These include zinc supplements, and fish oil which contains omega-3 fatty acids. Both supplements have yielded small improvements in symptoms and in overall health, and when used in proper doses are safe.

It is wise to be in contact with a physician when using vitamin and mineral supplements to be sure the dosages are correct. Too much can be toxic or can interfere with the effectiveness of other medications, so it is better to be cautious when using vitamin and mineral supplements.

Other Multivitamin Supplements

There are other multivitamin supplements claiming to have positive effects in the treatment of ADHD symptoms, such as Jungamals Multi Nutrient, Optimum Omega, and Jungamals Lifepak for Children. Since these are vitamin supplements, they may ultimately have a positive effect on symptoms.

But it is still a good idea to consult a physician, since even vitamins, if they are taken in massive or incorrect doses can be harmful.

The general consensus among health professionals is that the smartest thing patients or parents responsible for those patients can do is to work closely with their physician before attempting to self treat the symptoms of ADHD. Once an effective treatment is found that is having a great impact on the patients health and ability to focus and stay calm, it is recommended to continue the treatment.

Do Children Outgrow ADHD

Do Children Outgrow ADHD

Do Children Outgrow ADHD?

Up until the early 1990’s, it was believed that children could possibly outgrow ADHD and its symptoms.

However, it has more recently been found that approximately two thirds of children diagnosed with ADHD will continue to have problems with it throughout life, and sometimes ADHD is not even diagnosed until a patient is an adult.

The chances of outgrowing ADHD are pretty slim according to most physicians, although some may get to a point eventually where they no longer require medication.

Others, however, will need to continue with either supplements or traditional pharmaceutical medications to control their symptoms throughout their lifetime.

The difference seen in those being treated for ADHD symptoms, whether the treatment is through the use of supplements or prescription medications can often be dramatic and life changing.

Patients are often thankful that they have found an effective treatment that allows them to be able to concentrate and gives them a feeling of normalcy again.

How Nutrition Is Helpful In Normal Functioning Of Brain.



We often tend to think of fat as the big taboo when it comes to nutrition. The fact is however that, although we need to be weary of certain kinds, fats are essential building blocks for healthy brains. This can be seen in the fact that almost two thirds of the weight of the human brain is made up out of fat! The two main functions that fats perform in the brain are: Our falsifying beliefs about fats keep us ignorant. We presume that fats are not fit for nutrition but the reality is different. No doubt some fats are not good for nutrition but not all are bad. We must know about good categories of fats which keep our brains healthy by developing blocks in them. Almost two thirds weight of human brains is due to fats. Two major roles which fats play in brain are as follows: Whenever we talk of nutrition, we keep fats aside due to false presumptions. But the reality is totally different. Some specific fats are mandatory for a balanced and healthy brain. Certain categories of fats keep our brains balanced by building blocks in them. The findings are before us that fats make approximately two thirds of our brain’s weight. Let’s know two major roles which fats play for the effective functioning of our brains:

Nutrition Is Helpful

Nutrition Is Helpful

•Membrane formation: Systematic protection of human brain is done through the double layered membrane made up of fatty acids which surrounds neurons to protect it from external wastes. Membranes are pivotal in keeping the brain function effectively. They keep vigil of entry of micronutrients, glucose and oxygen in it which proves best for it. • Protection: Made up of 30% protein and 70% fat, the protective sheath named Myelin covers up neurons.

Lots of efforts are required to keep brain healthy. We knew from the above mentioned guidelines that healthy brain needs different types of fatty acids. Our bodies produce some of them but we can gain much from diets. Fatty acids derived from diets are known ‘Essential Fatty Acids’. Some important fatty acids are mentioned below:• Alpha-linolenic Acid (ALA): Major components of ‘Omega 3 Fatty Acids’ are procured from ALA which can be have by eating various kinds of fish, nuts, seeds and vegetables. • Linolenic Acid (LA): ‘Omega 6 Fatty Acids’ have their important components in LA. Taking sunflower, corn and sesame oils are effective in getting them.

Two highly effective fatty acids Docosahegagonic Acid (DHA) and Arachidonic Acid (AA) respectively are prepared through regular intake of ALA and LA. It is done to keep the brain function systematically. As above mentioned acids are more complex than ALA and LA, they are crucial for the brain to perform complex roles. Its most important role is formation of membrane. Although our bodies produce DHA but it can also be directly gained from various diets. We must remain careful in it and shouldn’t forget to use possible means to procure them as lack of this effective acid might bring untoward circumstances. Balanced diet is necessary for this as it acts like a supplement of DHA.

The importance of DHA to proper brain function, and therefore also to the management of ADD-ADHD, can hardly be overstated. Studies have shown that a lack of DHA can be linked to:
• Depression
• Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases
• Cognitive Decline
• Hyperactivity Crucial role played by DHA for systematic functioning of brain and its effective role in managing ADD-ADHD cannot be ruled out. As per the research findings lack of DHA may lead to:
• Depression
• Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases
• Cognitive Decline
• Hyperactivity We cannot rule out excellent contribution of DHA in helping our brains function effectively. It is pivotal in the management of ADD-ADHD too. The research finding describes that lack of DHA results into:
• Depression
• Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases
• Cognitive Decline
• Hyperactivity

Why the above mentioned guidelines have negative results in our societies? An important reason of it is that our modern diets weaken fat values as they are hardly balanced. Hydrogenation process starts developing when natural fats are heated at extreme temperature. Resultantly the structure of fat molecules start altering badly and no naturalness remains in them. When such ‘trans-fatty acids’ developed in such manner enter into the nerve cells they don’t accommodate them as per their actual requirement due to forced deformation and not being developed like DHA. Its bitter effect is realized in the brain cells which become rigid due to trans-fatty acids. Ultimately they do miscommunication which lead to severe bad impact between particular neurons. The output of such diets turns worst as their extreme trans-fatty acidic elements enforce the brain to perform badly.

The implication of all of the above is that your fat intake should be geared towards increasing the availability of ‘good’ fatty acids (Omega 3, Omega 6 and ‘pure’ DHA) and the avoidance of trans-fatty acids as far as possible. The maintenance of Health levels of body fat is also very important. Some ‘fat management’ strategies include the following:
• Avoid Hydrogenated Fats: The most common impetus for the creation of trans-fatty acids is the hydrogenation that occurs when oils or fat is heated at extreme temperatures. Do your best therefore to avoid deep fried foods as well as oils and margarines created or ‘enhanced’ through hydrogenation.
• Make the ‘Omegas’ an essential part of your diet: The ‘essential fatty acids’ (ALA and LA) can be made a regular part of your diet through regularly eating foods that are good sources of them.

Examples include cold water fish (salmon, trout, mackerel and sardines) in the case of Omega 3 and primrose, borage as well as eggs and diary in the case of Omega 6.
• Supplement where necessary: It may be necessary to take a regular supplement containing ALA, LA or even ‘pure’ DHA if you are not getting sufficient quantities from your diet.
• Manage body fat levels: The brain is full of blood vessels supplying it with energy and keeping it cool. Excessive amounts of body fat will lead to these vessels, and therefore the brain, functioning well below par. Make sure therefore that you manage the fat in your diet and that you reduce body fat even further through regular exercise.

Normal Functioning Of Brain

Normal Functioning Of Brain

Scholars and researchers agree to the fact that there is a strong link between lack of DHA and ADD-ADHD. It is at this perspective that fats should be dealt with. It doesn’t make any sense you keep ignoring fats. Appropriate management of it by selecting diets which bust ADD-ADHD would be prudent.

Is my Kid Stupid – Avoiding an Educational Disaster


Interview with Author : Nzingha West

Interview with Author : Nzingha West

Interview with Author : Nzingha West


1) Tell us about your book Is My Kid Stupid?

Is My Kid Stupid? Was written as an empowerment tool for families who have children. It’s a short read, and it was meant to give concise, specific information that would ultimately benefit the child and parent. The book teaches parents how to advocate for your own child, how and where to get free services for your child. It also teaches families how to get a free private school education for their children.

 2) How did you get into the field of working with special needs?

I became a teacher first, and after seeing how most children with mild-moderate special needs were being neglected, I took it upon myself to educate myself and become more aware of how to help.

 3) What was the inspiration behind writing and presenting the book “Is My Kid Stupid”?

My biggest inspiration was the parents who would seek my help. I figured that I could be of assistance to so many more parents by just putting everything down on paper, and showing them the ways they could be of assistance to their children with or without professional help.

 4) What qualifications do you need to become an Instructor working with children with special needs?

To become a tutor, you really don’t need any qualifications. However, it is more than beneficial to someone to become licensed as a teacher. I find that because I have a background in both the sciences and education, I am better apt to deal with certain details of my work on a daily basis. Plus to become a teacher, you have to be fingerprinted and have a background check performed in you. This leads to credibility and allows you to have a better grasp on how to cope with a child’s moods.

 5) Did you experience writers block? If so, what did you do to get rid of it?

I can’t really say that I did experience writers block. My book is a nonfiction book, so there really weren’t any characters that I had to develop.

 6) What are you working on now?

As of right now, I am considering writing another book. It’s just a spark in my mind. I have yet to sit down and put a pen to paper and write.

 7) You work for an organization called Urbane Academics; can you explain a bit more about what you do?

I own a practice called Urbane Academics and through my practice I offer instruction, cognitive behavioural therapy, special education advocacy, as well as diagnostic testing and teacher training.

 8) Had you previously written anything?

Other than a few college papers, before Is My Kid Stupid? Avoiding an Educational Disaster, I hadn’t written anything.

 9) Do you have a personal experience dealing with children with special needs as I am somebody who has grown up in a family where 3 members have a special need?

Other than my work as an instructor and advocate, I cannot say that I have a personal experience with learning disabilities. Nevertheless, that did not decrease my interest in and love for my work.

 10) During the writing process, what was one high and low that you encountered?

The editing process was brutal. It is very disheartening to have someone tear apart your work, even if it is for the better good. One high I had was seeing my book cover completed. Some people didn’t get it, but I was able to visualize what I was trying to write about and that was worth the hassle.

 11) How did you get into writing? Did you always want to become a writer?

I never wanted to become a writer, however, I became so enthralled in the thought of having a book, and writing a book that would be of some use, that I couldn’t sleep without writing down outlines, or thinking of titles.

 12) What are your views on the rise of autism aspects throughout children as even in New Zealand it is becoming more and more common among children etc.?

I think that people are recognizing more and more that not everyone operates the same way. This is a good thing, because the more we are able to recognize people’s differences, the better we become at understanding.

Autistic children, just like all other children are people too and they deserve the same amount of respect and understanding as every child.

 13) Do you in America have a strong support for children with Disabilities as I know in New Zealand probably due to its smaller size , we have got a couple of support groups and funding etc. , what is available in America ?

We have more and more support every day. The media definitely supports learning disabilities, and with the rise of the internet, more and more resources are becoming available to help cope with diagnosis and treatment. Parents are also using websites like to facilitate their own support groups.

 14) How have you found the response of your book among parents with children having special needs?

For the most part people have been accepting and excited about the book. I’ve received lots of great comments. I have also received some poor comments about the tone of the language in the book, or the title etc. For the most part those people have been few and far between. Many people have been able to ascertain the meaning of the book through the illustration on the front cover.

 15) As somebody who is familiar with children with special needs, some of them are pretty amazing and can do some awesome things; do you have an inspiring story or a fun tale that stands out in your mind that you wouldn’t mind sharing?

When I first began specializing in children who have learning disabilities, I came across a student who had a lot of anxiety, but was so talented with his painting and illustration. I asked him to draw a picture for me, which I still have. He felt great, and I appreciated the beautiful artwork he created for me.

I find that autistic children are so talented and spectacular.

Is your child struggling with ADD/ADHD ?


Is your child struggling with following the correct steps in their learning developmental stages? Have they been slower to reach the stages of motor skills? Have you found that their learning and academia has been skewered by the inability to have long concentration skills at an extended point in time or are they impulsive in their actions?

Or do you find their attention spans not being in the same boat as other children? Have you noticed that your child is still continuing to living in a fantasy world? Are they telling lies and stories far-fetched and some that sound like they could be real to get attention?

If, so then your child may have what is known as ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder).

Both ADD and ADHD are most commonly studied and diagnosed as a psychiatric disorder in children which an estimate of 4.7% living in America with ADD and ADHD. ADHD is more commonly found in males than females and more often than not their symptoms can be difficult to differentiate from other disorders.

Child Struggling with ADD/ADHD

Child Struggling with ADD/ADHD

How do I know if my child suffers from ADD or ADHD?

Many parents wonder how to tell whether their child has either ADD or ADHD.  Included below are some of the symptoms that have been listed by the US National Institute of Mental Health which can help to diagnose whether or not your child has ADD or ADHD.

  • They may become easily distracted, miss details, be forgetful and frequently switch from one task to another without completion.
  • Have difficulty maintaining attention on a single task
  • They may have difficulty and get frustrated when having to do homework or learning something new like washing the dishes, tidying their room.
  • They will develop a habit of losing things
  • They will seem distracted when you try  and talk to them
  • Struggle to follow instructions
  • Become fidgety and squirm in their seats which is a sign of boredom
  • They may come across as impatient
  • They may tell long stories and fantasy tales if you ask them questions like what did you do in the weekend?

Another way to tell if your child has ADD or ADHD is to hop online and take one of the many online-self tests which help to diagnose whether your child does fall into the two categories.

Some testing may be conducted in the form of a self-evaluation or a quiz that asks you questions about what you notice in yourself. These types of tests may ask you whether you notice a lack of focus while doing easy tasks, or whether you always get distracted while reading. It may ask questions about concentration and listening skills. However accurate your answers may be, these quizzes focus mainly on symptoms. If symptoms are present, test results simply conclude that “This person has ADD” or “This person has ADHD.”

From these results, you can move to the next step in talking and discussing with your doctor a medical treatment if you wish or some natural steps on how to overcome these disorders as like many Mental health issues, if you catch it in the early recognition stages with help as you age you will be cured and have it either under control or you might have simply grown out it.

One of the biggest things though about these disorders is not to get them confused with Autism Spectrum and Asperger’s syndrome, they do have similar qualities but unlike ADD and ADHD those who fall under the Autism/ Asperger’s spectrum cannot change their ways as it is their brain make-up however those with ADD and ADHD more often than not grow out of it with age and there is a wide variety of medication available to help to minimize some of the actions and symptoms of ADD and ADHD.

What is ADHD ?


ADHD is a medical term for a characteristic group of symptoms which, if untreated, may lead to under achievement and poor social skills, despite normal intellect and quality parenting. ADHD is characterized by problems with attention, impulsivity and over activity. It affects between 4-6 percent of school age children and between 2-4 percent of adults.

There is no doubt that ADHD leads to impairments in major life activities, including social relations, education, family functioning, occupational functioning, self-sufficiency and adherence to social rules, norms and laws. It appears to affect more boys than girls and occurs in all ethnic groups. ADHD often runs in families.

The condition is widespread, poorly understood and frequently remains undiagnosed. It often causes distress in family, work and social situations, mainly from unrealistic expectations, condemnation and rejection.

ADHD children do not mature at the appropriate rate in early childhood and they are often slow in acquiring skills. They do mostly what ‘normal’ children do except it is louder, longer, more often and to the extreme. Most children will carry some of the symptoms into adulthood, with an increased tendency to alcohol and drug abuse and ongoing emotional difficulties.

Each person will vary in the type, number, frequency and severity of their symptoms. To determine the best treatment a medical and educational assessment is recommended. ADHD people are usually energetic, enthusiastic and creative; intuitive, sensitive and highly intelligent. Capturing those special attributes is one of the goals of treatment.




Research has shown that ADHD can be recognised by the age of three. Up to this age the executive control in the frontal lobes of the brain are very immature. The average preschool child has plenty of active, unthinking behaviour, but when ADHD is also present, this produces a double dose of disinhibition. This can be devastating to parents who aren’t aware of what they are dealing with.

These early years have a significant effect on all the family members; parents; siblings and grandparents and extended family, aunts, uncles etc. Knowing and understanding are the keys to success for a family.

Poor behaviour is not the sole resolve of ADHD. It does occur in other children, but with less intensity and a different response to discipline. Parents, who do not accept that their ADHD child is different, can expect trouble.

On joining the association you will be guided into taking those first steps of, ‘cleaning up the diet’, finding a parenting programme that will make a difference and give you the ‘know-how’, to survive.


Early Signs (Baby and Toddler)

  • Colic, cries a lot, difficult to hold and cuddle
  • Cot rocking, head banging, poor sleepers
  • Nappy rash, fussy eaters
  • Runs away, bites, hits, dominates others
  • Appears to have unusual strength
  • Climbs, can have little or no fear of danger
  • Demands constant entertainment and attention
  • Excessive restlessness, in constant motion
  • Needs constant supervision
  • Easily frustrated, tantrums, moody
  • Aggressive, destructive, devious and defiant

Physical Symptoms:

  • Excessive thirst and perspiration
  • Poor temperature control
  • Prone to ear infections, allergies, food intolerance eczema and asthma


Common Symptoms:


  • Easily distracted, poor short term memory
  • Forgets instructions, fails to finish tasks
  • Disorganized, appears not to hear
  • Learning difficulties


  • Excessive restlessness, in constant motion
  • Has difficulty in sitting still or staying seated
  • Has a ‘driven’ quality, runs and jumps
  • Insatiable (never satisfied, never enough)
  • Can also be Hypoactive (under active)


  • Acts without thought or sense of safety
  • Unpredictable behavior
  • Needs constant supervision
  • Interrupts and intrudes on others

Emotional Instability

  • Easily frustrated, tantrums. moody
  • Impatient, intolerant, extremes of feeling
  • Irrational, overreacts to touch, pain and sound
  • Peer rejection, low self esteem

Antisocial Behavior

  • Oppositional behavior/conduct disorder
  • Aggressive, destructive, defiant, devious
  • Argumentative, swears, fascination with fire
  • Can act with cruelty and violence, steals
  • Unresponsive to punishment, lies

Co ordination Difficulties

  • Clumsy, lacks good balance
  • Difficulty in dressing, lacing and buttoning
  • Poor ball skills, mixed left-right dominance
  • Writing at times large and spidery
  • Reversal in letters and spelling

Physical Symptoms

  • Excessive thirst and perspiration
  • Poor temperature sense control
  • Ear troubles (infections, glue ear)
  • Eye trouble (dark circles, puffiness, squint)
  • Headaches, muscle or stomach pains
  • Digestive upsets, air hunger
  • Food and drink cravings e.g. sugar, milk
  • Prone to infections e.g. colds, allergies, eczema, hives


How can I tell if I have ADHD?

  • You fidget
  • You become bored easily
  • You can’t stay in your seat
  • You can listen to what is said but you don’t ‘hear’ it
  • You understand instructions but can’t follow them
  • You can’t organise your schoolwork, homework or household chores
  • You hate stopping anything when it’s going well
  • You can become totally lost or absorbed in certain interests or even certain ideas!
  • You forget things like keys, names, phone numbers or notebooks
  • You often know the answer before the question is finished
  • You hate gossip but love debates
  • You are easily distracted by anything even if it’s slightly more interesting than what you should be doing
  • You hate waiting for slower thinkers
  • You find it hard to stop yourself from doing anything that seems exciting or cool.
  • You know the consequences of what you do, but you can’t quite ‘get’ the significance to your family, your teacher or your friends
  • You are appalled or get angry if misunderstood
  • You are very critical of yourself if you make a mistake or are wrong

Remember, many of these characteristics are typical of adolescence and the teenage years.
Many people under stress also have the same characteristics.

ADHD is a problem when you consistently act impulsively, are hyperactive and are continually distracted.

Some or all of the following ma y be present some or all of the time:

  • Sense of underachievement, often false due to poor insight
  • Easily bored, craves stimulation, takes risks, gambles
  • Fidgets, doodles, seem to be elsewhere, easily distracted or sidetracked
  • Mood swings, extremes of feelings, sense of impending doom, excessive or unfounded anxiety or sensitivity, compulsive
  • Over excited, hyper focused, obsessive
  • Intolerance, can act with sudden, unreasonable and/or unpredictable verbal and/or physical aggression; rages
  • Reluctance to read, finds it hard to focus and concentrate
  • Reluctance to write, finds it hard to express and sequence ideas, may be dyslexic
  • Sets unrealistic goals and multi-tasks leading to non-completion of projects
  • Difficulty getting organised, procrastinates
  • Subject hops, many thoughts in mind at once
  • Impatient, tactless, interrupts or acts out of turn, finishes off other’s sentences
  • Impulsive with no thought of consequences
  • Has trouble following authorised procedure, oppositional
  • Inattentive, forgetful, can’t retain information, sudden blank mind

Greater than ‘normal’ frequency of physical symptoms:

  • Cravings, addictions e.g. cigarettes, alcohol, sugar, caffeine, milk, chocolate, soft drinks. chemicals, drugs
  • Atopy, allergy, hypersensitivity e.g. asthma, eczema, hay fever, rashes, hives, mouth ulcers, itching
  • Migraines, headaches, dizziness
  • Excessive thirst
  • Eye troubles e.g. dark circles, conjunctivitis
  • Digestive upsets e.g. bloating, abdominal pains, heartburn, abnormal appetite
  • Muscle aches, twitching, tics, cramps, fatigue, restlessness
  • Air hunger e.g. sighing, yawning
  • Sleep disturbances, sleep apnoea, insomnia
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Skin, nail, hair abnormalities
  • Poor temperature sense, thyroid problems

If your relationships, achievements or quality of life are suffering then membership of the ADHD Association would be a worthwhile start to managing improvement. We have an Adult Chat Group for members, who meet monthly in Epsom, Auckland.

What are the general signs of ADHD in children?


What are the general signs of ADHD in children?

  • the child is restless, overactive, fidgety
  • the child is constantly chattering
  • the child is continuously interrupting people
  • the child cannot concentrate for long on specific tasks
  • the child is inattentive
  • the child finds it hard to wait his/her turn in play, conversations or standing in line (queue)

The above signs may be observed in children frequently and usually do not mean the child has ADHD. It is when these signs become significantly more pronounced in one child, compared to other children of the same age, and when his/her behavior undermines his/her school and social life, that the child may have ADHD.

ADHD in children

ADHD in children

What causes ADHD?

We are not sure. Studies reveal that a person’s risk of developing ADHD is higher if a close relative also has/had it. Twin studies have indicated that ADHD is highly heritable. We also know that ADHD is much more common in boys than girls. The scientific community generally agrees that ADHD is biological in nature. Many reputable scientists believe ADHD is the result of chemical imbalances in the brain.

Some studies have indicated that food additives, specifically some colorings, may have an impact on ADHD behaviors. In July 2008, the European Union ruled that synthetic food colorings (called azo dyes) must be labeled not only with the relevant E number, but also with the words “may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children”.

A 1984 study by Benton and team, demonstrated that sugar has no effect on behavior. A study in 1986 by Milich and Pelham, and another by Wolraich and team in 1985 also found no link between sucrose (sugar) and behavior impact on children with ADHD. However, most sugars found in sugary foods and sweets (candy) consumed by children are corn syrup and high fructose corn syrup – these sugars were not used in any of the above-mentioned studies.

Mercury during pregnancy and ADHD risk – according to a study published in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, mercury exposure during pregnancy may be associated with a higher risk of ADHD-related behaviors in offspring.

The authors added that even slight exposure raises the risk of ADHD. Fish consumption during pregnancy seems to lower the risk. Several types of fish have low or no levels of mercury. Women should focus on those types of fish when they are pregnant.

How do I know if I, my child, spouse or relative has ADHD?

ADHD cannot be diagnosed physically, i.e. with a blood test, urine test, brain scan or a physical checkup. As most children have problems with self-control anyway, a proper diagnosis can be quite challenging.

An ADHD diagnosis has to be carried out by a specialist – usually a psychiatrist, psychologist or pediatrician. The specialist will observe the child and recognize behavior patterns. Data regarding the child’s behavior at home and at school will also be studied. Only a specialist will be able to accurately detect whether other problems and/or conditions are resulting in ADHD-like behavioral characteristics.

Interesting links
Diagnostic Criteria for ADHD (ADHD Information Services)

If you do not know how to find a specialist, ask your GP.

ADHD in children

ADHD in children

When does ADHD start? How long does ADHD last?

According to New Zealand’s ADHD Online Support Group, the onset of ADHD usually occurs before the person is 7 years old. For about 75% of ADHD sufferers, symptoms continue into adulthood. However, levels of hyperactivity tend to decrease as the person gets older.

Adult ADHD

It was not until the 1970s that researchers began to realize that what we today know as ADHD did not always go away during a person’s teen years. It was during that decade that it was also noticed that some ADHD symptoms were identified in the parents of children undergoing ADHD treatment. In 1978 ADHD was formally recognized as a condition that also afflicts adults, and the term Adult ADD began – the ‘H’ of ADHD was dropped because it seemed the adults were not as hyperactive as children.

According to, approximately 8 million adults in the USA have ADHD. An adult with ADHD who is untreated will tend to have a chaotic lifestyle – they may seem more disorganized compared to people who are not afflicted with ADHD. Healthcare professionals believe there are millions of adults who have ADHD but do not know and remain untreated. Studies indicate that adults with ADHD benefit enormously from a combination of medication and behavior therapy.